Monday, March 22, 2021

Understanding pharmaceutical brand names:

Struggling to find the right brand name for your pharmaceutical products?

Here’s some help from the experience and expertise of Aadya Enterprises coming your way to help you guide along your journey of giving the best brand name to your pharmaceutical products.

Firstly, the most important thing is that the brand name you choose should not match with any other company’s brand name in the same class, as classified by the patenting authority of that country.

In India, patents for brand names are issued by the government of India through its Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, Controller General of Patents Design and Trade Marks.

Here’s a step by step guide for the same:

  1. Whatever brand name hits your mind, just run a search for the same by clicking the link:
  2. In the blank against wordmark, enter the brand name you wish to keep for your product.
  3. Next is the class. The pharmaceutical products fall in Class 05, so you’ll have to enter the class. Or if your product belongs to any other class, just select that class from the hint box given at the end of this post.
  4. In the search type, there are three options: Wordmark, Phonetic and Vienna code. Two of them are most important, first is the wordmark that establishes that no two registered brand names are the same in spellings. Next is the phonetic which rules out two brand names being pronounced similarly for the same class. So, you’ll have to run the search twice, one for Wordmark and another for the phonetic one. 
  5. Goods description is an optional tab wherein you can fill in the type of goods as selected from the class.
  6. Hit the search button. Another page will open up displaying all similar brand names along with their status, whether they are registered or objected. If your brand name matches that of any registered brand, then you will not get the trademark for that brand name. Even if you apply, that’s going to be a wastage of money. So, better be cautious than to lose. Think about some other name and get back to searching again.

If your brand name matches some other registered brand name, the owner of that brand can even sue you for using his/her property just like Cutis Biotech sued serum Institute for the use of Covishield brand name. But the case was dismissed since both fall in different classes. Serum institute's vaccine was registered in Class 5 while Cutis' hand-sanitizer with the same name Covishield falls in class 3.

In case of any difficulty, feel free to contact us at Aadya Enterprises or you can reach us via e-mail id: or you can just drop a message in the comment section below and we will get back with our reply at the earliest.

Once you have found a suitable name that is available for registration, you can apply for registering the same with the help of an advocacy firm providing legal services in this realm.

Coming to pharmaceutical brand names, as we discussed even in the last post, good brand names are those that are prescribed the most. And for a doctor to recall a brand name for a particular product, it 

must have some special features.

Who has to remember the medicine’s brand name?

A good pharmaceutical brand name should address two main motives:

  1. For the doctor: Ultimately, sales in the pharmaceutical sector depend on doctor’s prescriptions. And the doctor should get such a hold on to the brand name, that it must equalize with the composition. Whenever he has to prescribe a brand for say, preventing post hepatic complications, it should instantly come to his mind like Liv.ok (It indicates normalisation of the liver).
  2. For the patient: The final consumer of any medicine or supplement is the patient. Many diseases such as chronic ones require long-term management and hence the patient has to repeatedly buy those medicines. And patient develops a psychological dependence on the brands they have been taking for the long-term such as Ecosprin (Anti-platelet aggregating action prescribed to hypertensive patients). The medicine contains Aspirin as the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API). Patients hesitate in changing the brand names and they do not readily accept other substitute brands in such cases. Another example is Becosule capsules. The Indian market is flooded with a variety of multivitamins, but whenever most patients are asked to take the supplement, they tend to purchase Becosule rather than any other known or unknown brand.

Qualities of a pharma brand name:

Coming to the qualities that can assist in promoting pharmaceutical or nutraceutical or cosmetic or ayurvedic or herbal products are:

  1. Attractive: A brand name should be attractive but not too complex to be forgotten easily. The attraction here does not mean a unique name, but something that grasps attention and is long-lasting.
  2. Small: Smaller is the brand name, easier it is to remain in the memory and recall when needed. Lengthy brand names are hard to retain. The brand name should always be under the doctor's pen when needed to be prescribed for a specific condition(s) to the patient(s) for it to hit its maximum potential. 
  3. Indicative: This is the most important element of a brand name in the pharmaceutical sector. There are multiple things that a brand name can indicate towards like indication, company name, ingredient, some final result and more.

Here, we will discuss these aspects in detail taking up some examples of the common brand names.

What can a pharma brand name indicate?

  1. Company name: Most common example is most of the medicines of the company CIPLA that uses Cip as either prefix or suffix in the name, just as in the case of Nicip (Nimesulide by Cipla), Ciplar (Propranolol by Cipla), Ciplox eye drops (Ciprofloxacin eye drops by Cipla), etc.
  2. Indication: A brand name can indicate the use of the medicine such as Keytocold MT (Anti cold medicine), Solvincold-AF (Anti cold medicine), Covishield (Shield against Coronavirus), Emeset (Stops emesis, i.e., vomiting), Vomistop (Stops vomiting), Drinknill (Aids in alcohol withdrawal) etc.
  3. Organ: Some brand names use the organ name in short or as a part of the brand name to indicate the purpose. Even if the doctor does not remember all the ingredients of each brand name like in herbal preparations where most medicines have lengthy compositions, he can easily recall the brand name. Examples include Liv 52, Liveril, Liverex forte all of which are meant to restore liver health. Others are like Ovacare that says ‘Care for Ovary’, Dr Ortho indicates bones, Pediasure ensures pediatric development, Hridya Amrit Vati (Tonic for the heart).
  4. Ingredient(s): Another most commonly used thing in deciding brand names in the pharma sector are the ingredients or the composition. This gives an instant hint to the doctor regarding medicine. Some examples include Protinext mom (Protein powder for pregnant and lactating mothers), Gascontrol-RD SR (Controls acidity is one thing and another thing is sustained release formulation and ingredients are indicated by RD meaning Rabeprazole and Domperidone), Montair-LC (Levocetirizine + Montelukast are the ingredients), Azee (Azithromycin), Moxicip (Moxiflocain by Cipla), Vigamox (Moxifloxacin eye drops), Carloc (Carvedilol), Ramcor (Ramipril), Rantac (Ranitidine), etc.
  5. Mechanism of Action (MOA): Each medicine works by a specific mechanism. This mechanism can be used as small indicators like Betacap (propranolol that is a beta-blocker), Aciloc (Ranitidine that works by blocking gastric acid), etc.
  6. Purpose: Sometimes, brand name give an indication as to what the composition will likely serve as in Haem-up, Haemohim and Haemohim-XT all indicating that the product is an haematinic and intends to raise haemoglobin (Hb) levels. 
Then, some brand names use a combination of two or more things to come up with brilliant brand names. Examples are like Nicip (Nimesulide by Cipla: ingredient and Company), Dytor (Torsemide that is a diuretic: ingredient and MOI), etc.


And there are others that do not indicate anything, yet are easy to remember and have taken up a wide hold, both of doctor’s pen and patient’s memory. Examples include Crocin (which contains Paracetamol which is an anti-hypertensive drug), etc.


In case of any assistance in helping with pharmaceutical brand names, feel free to reach out for help at Aadya Enterprises.


Some pharmaceutical/nutraceutical/cosmetics brand name examples and what they indicate:

  • COVAXIN: Vaccine for coronavirus
  • COVISHIELD: Shield against coronavirus
  • Becosules: Vitamin B.complex
  • Solvincold: Dissolves the cold
  • Dermicool: Keeps the skin (derma) cool.

IP Classification Hint box:



Class 1

Chemical used in industry, science, photography, agriculture, horticulture and forestry; unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics; manures; fire extinguishing compositions; tempering and soldering preparations; chemical substances for preserving foodstuffs; tanning substances; adhesive used in industry.

Class 2

 Paints, varnishes, lacquers; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; colorants; mordents; raw natural resins; metals in foil and powder form for painters; decorators; printers and artists

Class 3

Bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning; polishing; scouring and abrasive preparations; soaps; perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions, dentifrices

Class 4

 Industrial oils and greases; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels(including motor spirit) and illuminants; candles, wicks

Class 5

Pharmaceutical, veterinary and sanitary preparations; dietetic substances adapted for medical use, food for babies; plasters, materials for dressings; materials for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparation for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides

Class 6

Common metals and their alloys; metal building materials; transportable buildings of metal; materials of metal for railway tracks; non-electric cables and wires of common metal; ironmongery, small items of metal hardware; pipes and tubes of metal; safes; goods of common metal not included in other classes; ores

Class 7

Machines and machine tools; motors and engines (except for land vehicles); machine coupling and transmission components (except for land vehicles); agricultural implements other than hand-operated; incubators for eggs

Class 8

Hand tools and implements (hand-operated); cutlery; side arms; razors

Class 9

Scientific, nautical, surveying, electric, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, checking (supervision), life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs; automatic vending machines and mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating machines, data processing equipment and computers; fire extinguishing apparatus.

Class 10

Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments, artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; orthopaedic articles; suture materials

Class 11

Apparatus for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes

Class 12

Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water

Class 13

 Firearms; ammunition and projectiles; explosives; fire works

Class 14

Precious metals and their alloys and goods in precious metals or coated therewith, not included in other classes; jewellery, precious stones; horological and other chronometric instruments

Class 15

Musical instruments

Class 16

Paper, cardboard and goods made from these materials, not included in other classes; printed matter; bookbinding material; photographs; stationery; adhesives for stationery or household purposes; artists' materials; paint brushes; typewriters and office requisites (except furniture); instructional and teaching material (except apparatus); plastic materials for packaging (not included in other classes); playing cards; printers' type; printing blocks.

Class 17

Rubber, gutta percha, gum, asbestos, mica and goods made from these materials and not included in other classes; plastics in extruded form for use in manufacture; packing, stopping and insulating materials; flexible pipes, not of metal.

Class 18

Leather and imitations of leather, and goods made of these materials and not included in other classes; animal skins, hides, trunks and travelling bags; umbrellas, parasols and walking sticks; whips, harness and saddlery.

Class 19

Building materials, (non-metallic), non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch and bitumen; non-metallic transportable buildings; monuments, not of metal.

Class 20

 Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; goods(not included in other classes) of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother- of-pearl, meerschaum and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastics.

Class 21

Household or kitchen utensils and containers(not of precious metal or coated therewith); combs and sponges; brushes(except paints brushes); brush making materials; articles for cleaning purposes; steelwool; unworked or semi-worked glass (except glass used in building); glassware, porcelain and earthenware not included in other classes.

Class 22

Ropes, string, nets, tents, awnings, tarpaulins, sails, sacks and bags (not included in other classes) padding and stuffing materials(except of rubber or plastics); raw fibrous textile materials.

Class 23

Yarns and threads, for textile use.

Class 24

Textiles and textile goods, not included in other classes; bed and table covers.

Class 25

Clothing, footwear, headgear.

Class 26

 Lace and embroidery, ribbons and braid; buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; artificial flowers.

Class 27

Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors; wall hangings(non-textile).

Class 28

Games and playthings, gymnastic and sporting articles not included in other classes; decorations for Christmas trees.

Class 29

Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, fruit sauces; eggs, milk and milk products; edible oils and fats.

Class 30

Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, fruit sauces; eggs, milk and milk products; edible oils and fats.

Class 31

Agricultural, horticultural and forestry products and grains not included in other classes; live animals; fresh fruits and vegetables; seeds, natural plants and flowers; foodstuffs for animals, malt.

Class 32

Beers, mineral and aerated waters, and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages.

Class 33

Alcoholic beverages(except beers).

Class 34

Tobacco, smokers' articles, matches.



Class 35

Advertising, business management, business administration, office functions.

Class 36

Insurance, financial affairs; monetary affairs; real estate affairs.

Class 37

Building construction; repair; installation services.

Class 38


Class 39

Transport; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement.

Class 40

Treatment of materials.

Class 41

Education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities.

Class 42

Scientific and technological services and research and design relating thereto; industrial analysis and research services; design and development of computer hardware and software.

Class 43

Services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodation.

Class 44

Medical services, veterinary services, hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; agriculture, horticulture and forestry services.

Class 45

Legal services; security services for the protection of property and individuals; personal and social services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals.






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